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13 November 2020

protein synthesis pdf ppt

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How does it work? 2. tRNA (transfer): carries amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosome. Translation (reading the “message”) ¾mRNA tRNA protein (AA chain) message translated into a protein. proteins are made by the ribosomes—ribosomes are outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm. ... PowerPoint Presentation Created Date: Protein Synthesis uses 3 types of RNA Three forms of RNA involved in protein synthesis 1. mRNA (messenger): copies instructions from DNA and carries these to the ribosome. Protein Synthesis: From Gene to Protein • Genes are stretches of nucleotides organized in triplets • Different arrangements or DNA triplets encode for each one of the 20 amino acids that make proteins • During transcription, a DNA triplet will produce an mRNA codon. 2. DNA has the genetic code for the protein that needs to be made. • During translation, a codon will constitute an amino acid Steps of Protein Synthesis 1. DNA RNA Proteins Starts with DNA….transcribed into mRNA…..translated into proteins by tRNA Transcription (writing the “message”) ¾DNA mRNA messenger carries code to cytoplasm. 3. rRNA (ribosomal): composes parts of the ribosome, which is the site of protein synthesis Chapter 8.4 Transcription pgs 239-242 DNA carries the info to make Proteins. protein synthesis – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6c75a7-YzU4N Making a Protein—Transcription • First Step: Copying of genetic information from DNA to RNA called Transcription Why? Protein Synthesis • Occurs in TWO steps: 1.Transcription – the genetic information from a strand of DNA is copied into a strand of mRNA 2.Translation – the mRNA, with the help of the ribosome, forms a chain of amino acids (eventually forming a protein) based on …

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