Looking at this sentence there are three words that could be verbs, i.e., “burned,” “made” and “laugh.” None of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. He shot an arrow. III. The marriage having been fixed, no change is possible now. 1. The tired man needs rest. (search) for her gloves, she dug through the entire wardrobe. 9. So let’s look at which of the possible verbs is acting as an adjective. ), an adjective (he had a car to rent [to rent describes the car]) or as an adverb (everyone stopped to laugh [to laugh modifies stopped as it tells why everyone stopped]). → Since we watch the news every day we know what's going on in the world. The past participle form can have different endings. I was reading. He bought a car. 6. She went on eating. → They are vegetarians and don't eat meat. 6. broken The marriage has been fixed. It is being used as a noun evidenced by the verb “is” coming after it. First we have the participle which is created by adding to the root word of a verb. Ally eats a piece of chocolate every day. Rewrite the following sentences using suitable form of the participle of the verbs given in brackets : First we have the participle which is created by adding to the root word of a verb. That leaves us with only one option. 4. She came ……… (to see/for seeing/seeing/having seen) you. Betrayed by her lover, she killed herself. However, a participle can represent an action which has been completed. A rolling stone gathers no moss. The finished picture was a beauty. 2. The progress report of the child left the parents ……………. from work. He failed twice. Note: It should be noted that in the above sentences, (iii) the participle forms a phrase independent of the rest of the sentence. 5. However, if written as, “The caught fish struggled,” the participle becomes an adjective describing what kind of a fish it was, i.e., “caught.”. (satisfy) 4. 10. …………….. fast, my friend overtook the bus. (Starve) is better than (beg). Therefore, “freezing” is a participle making Answer (b) correct. In the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a present participle or gerund. Now let’s see if one contains an “ing” and it does. Being a fine day, we went out for a walk. Forme die Sätze um. As none of the words contain an “ing” we can also quickly determine that this sentence does not contain a gerund. The moving wheel moves on. I shall have read. Past Participle - Exercises Exercise -2. Sometimes, the participle is understood. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb. Taking everything into consideration. He seems worried. Now if we rework the sentence to read, “My favorite activity is skating,” skating then acts as the predicate noun. Your email address will not be published. Gerunds serve the same purpose as nouns. I had finished my work. You'll need to subscribe. “Playing” in this sentence is a gerund making Answer (c) correct, Looking at this sentence there are three words that could be verbs, i.e., “smiling,” “is” and “turned.” None of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. It being cloudy, we did not venture out. In short, a verbal is the name given to a verb when it is used in a form other than as a verb. TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire The progress report of the child left the parents pleased. final consonant after a short stressed vowel is doubled The child sat at the desk (paint) a picture. The house was decorated with lights. Weather permitting, the match will start. It is formed by adding “ing” to a verb. They may be used before or after the noun they qualify : (i) Before the noun ; (attributively) She burst into tears. In some cases, the usage permits use of participle without a proper subject of reference. Now let’s see if one contains an “ing” and it does. Directions: Each sentence contains an underlined verbal phrase. Having won a lottery, he bought a car. 1. 2. It all depends upon how and where the word is being used.]. Frankly speaking. He won a lottery. Driven by the storm we took shelter under a bridge. You had better ………… (leave/to leave/leaving/having left) before he arrives. He killed two men. The students came out of the examination hall satisfied with their performance. He struck his head against the door. Each of these are therefore, a participle phrase. The marriage …………. He was warned by me. (sit). A participle is a form of verb which takes the nature of both—a verb and an adjective.
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